Online Exhibition

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Image Theme Object name Date Associated name Description Lender
Craig Levein, Scotland manager, talks about his football injuries General Craig Levein, Scotland manager, talks about his football injuries c.1990s Craig Levein Levein (born 1964) played 16 times for Scotland and 401 times for Heart of Midlothian. He would have played many more games if he had not suffered from a series of debilitating knee injuries throughout his career. Scottish Football Museum
Looking and Understanding Glass and lead-lined protective goggles, c.1905 c.1905 George Pirie Dr George Pirie (1863–1929) began his investigations on X-rays at Dundee Royal Infirmary in 1896. He continued his work there until 1925, when he was forced to retire due to ill health brought about by his long exposure to X-rays. These goggles were used by Pirie as protection from radiation damage. Unfortunately they were too late to prevent him from losing one eye and most of the sight in his other one. University of Dundee Museum Services, Tayside Medical History Museum, DUNUC4326
Looking and Understanding Bottle of mustard oil, c.1905 c.1905 George Pirie In 1905, after ten years of exposure to X-rays, Dr Pirie began to experience what he called “trouble” in his hands; he rubbed this mustard oil onto his skin to help ease the pain. Radiation exposure eventually led to his hands being amputated. University of Dundee Museum Services, Tayside Medical History Museum, DUNUC4289
Looking and Understanding Experimental X-ray tube, c.1890s c.1890s George Pirie X-rays are generated when a stream of electrons from the cathode of an evacuated electrical discharge tube strikes a target inside the tube. This early X-ray tube was used at Dundee Royal Infirmary during the late 1890s. X-rays continue to be used to diagnose orthopaedic sporting injuries but, due to dangers of overexposure from radiation, are now not used as widely for the diagnosis of soft-tissue injuries. University of Dundee Museum Services, Tayside Medical History Museum, DUNUC4329
Looking and Understanding Siemens Sonostat 631 Therapeutic Ultrasound Generator with transducer, 1957 1957 Ian Donald Ultrasound for medical use was pioneered by Professor Ian Donald at the University of Glasgow. It is best known as a diagnostic tool for use in obstetric visualisation, showing the human foetus inside the womb. Over the last 50 years, many sports club physiotherapists and doctors believed that ultrasound also had a therapeutic use for the treatment of sports injuries. Ultrasound machines (which use high-energy sound waves) were often used to stimulate blood flow to the affected part of the athlete’s body or to help improve flexibility in damaged joints. Ultrasound also seems to help the healing process of fractured bones, but there is little evidence that it speeds up the healing process in other types of sports injury. Courtesy of the British Medical Ultrasound Society Historical Collection
Looking and Understanding Images of the knee joint c.1990s Advances in medical imaging have allowed doctors to diagnose sports injuries with increasing accuracy. These scans show the four main ligaments of the knee, including the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The ACL is the most vulnerable to tearing while playing sport. In the 1970s and 80s, a torn ACL would have ended an athlete’s career. Surgical techniques from the 1990s onwards have enabled the injury to be treated successfully. One procedure used is micro-fracture surgery: small holes are drilled into the knee and from this access point micro-fractures are made in the exposed bone. These holes allow marrow to seep out and form clots which grow until they capture the torn end of the ligament and in time results in the ligament re-attaching to the bone. Courtesy of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
Looking and Understanding Dr Macintyre’s X-ray film, c.1896–1909 c.1896-1909 John McIntyre X-rays were discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in Germany in 1895. By looking inside the body for the first time, X-rays allowed doctors to diagnose fractures and other injuries without the patient requiring surgery. This is the first X-ray cinematograph film ever taken; filmed at Glasgow Royal Infirmary and shown by Dr John Macintyre at the London Royal Society. The film shows an X-ray picture of a frog’s knee joint and an X-ray of an adult. A series of these pictures enable us to see a complete cycle of the movements of the heart. The joints of the body and the movements of the digestive organs can also be seen. Scottish Screen Archive, National Library of Scotland
Looking and Understanding Film from Thomas McClurg Anderson, c.1940s–1950s c.1940s-1950s Thomas McClurg Anderson Thomas McClurg Anderson (1899-1980) pioneered the development of ‘ergonomics’ or ‘human kinetics’. He believed that ‘proper training in the analysis of body movements and in physical analysis should form the essential background to physiotherapy training’. From 1940s–1960s he filmed athletes of all ages and abilities, as well as clerical, domestic and factory workers. The films were used to examine and improve athletic technique as well as for research, teaching, and a programme of occupational health training at the Glasgow Physiotherapy Hospital and School. NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Archives/Scottish Screen, National Library of Scotland
Underwater motion-analysis film: ‘Perfect Glide’ Looking and Understanding Underwater motion-analysis film: ‘Perfect Glide’ 2008 In recent times it has been possible to analyse the performance of athletes in incredible detail as they prepare for competition. This film, highlighting the work of the Centre for Aquatic Research at the University of Edinburgh, shows sports scientists and swimming coaches using sophisticated motion- analysis computer software to improve the ‘gliding’ technique of elite swimmers. Provided by The Institution of Engineering and Technology. © 2012 The Institution of Engineering and Technology. The Institution of Engineering and Technology is registered as a Charity in England & Wales (number 211014) and Scotland (number SC038698)
Looking and Understanding Thomas McClurg Anderson, Human Kinetics and Analysing Body Movements (1951) 1951 Thomas McClurg Anderson Thomas McClurg Anderson was a physiotherapist in Motherwell and Glasgow, but had also been a professional boxer, athlete and sports coach. Between 1928 and 1964 he was the Principal of Glasgow Physiotherapy Hospital and School. During the 1950s he also wrote popular newspaper columns for the general public, giving advice on how to improve their sporting technique. This book shows some of the results of his filming work and research into human kinetics. Private Collection
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